International Clubs: Rotary

Name of Organization: Rotary International

Date of Origin:
February 23,1905 AD

Founder:
Attorney Paul P. Harris

Motto:
Service Above Self

Origin:
Businessmen where invited to join to both serve each other and capture the goodwill spirit amongst the club members. The habit of rotating meeting venue in offices of members gave the organization its name “Rotary”.

Work
: Rotary members had a big role in Europe since the WWII in relief and humanitarian aid, and had an impact on the initiation of the UN.  Post WWII, Rotaray called for a conference to promote education adn cultural exchange which inspired the fouding of UNESCO. Many UN committees and departments till this day have Rotary observers present in their meetings.A major campaign they worked on was Polio+. Most clubs now work on local service projects and on sponsoring Rotaract Clubs to do similar projects and campaigns.

Sub-categories:
Rotary Clubs, Rotary Fellows, InnerWheel Clubs, Rotary Scholarship Grants, Rotaract Clubs, Interact Clubs.

Secret Societies: Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem / Knights of Rhodes / Knights of Malta

Ok so now for the second organization, and here I’d like to clarify why it is considered “secret”. Namely, no one is allowed to know from times of its initiation until today, the ongoings inside the society, the decisions, the plans nor the affiliated members unless they disclose it.
Name of Organization: Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem / Knights of Rhodes /  Knights of Malta
Date of Origin: 1099 AD – Present
Historic Significance: Crusades from 1095 – 1314
Founder: Thomas Gerald
Motto: Pro Fide, Pro Utilitate Hominum (For the faith, in service of mankind)
Origin & Work: The Hospitallers were a military/religious order founded to protect religious pilgrims from Europe to the holy land. They initiated and managed hospitals in Jerusalem during& after crusades to provide medical care for the injured and the needy. They took care of Christian knights, warriors and followers in times of war and peace as well.
Following the liberation of the Holy Land by the Islamic forces, they departed out of Jerusalem by Saladin. They moved to Rhodes in Cyprus and changed many of there name, tactics and field of work entirely from protecting Christian pilgrimages and warriors to fighting against Islam .
Later, the Knights of Rhodes were kicked out of Cyprus by a wave of Islamic forces and the remaining knights were allowed to withdraw to Sicily. After few years, the king of Sicily gave the knights Malta as a headquarters for a certain fee in return, from there on they were known as Knights of Malta. In Malta again the knights changed their tactics and field of work from fighting on the ground to protecting the Christian sea trade routes and navies from and too the Levant(today known as Lebanon, Palestine, Syria and Jordan).
Later on Malta was overtook by Napoleon and the knights were dispersed into Europe loosing much of their income and power due to the many political/religious changes in Europe.  Early 1800’s the knights gathered themselves in Russia and from there tried to re-establish the links in Europe.
In WWI and afterwards the resumed their activity mainly focusing on medical care and found themselves in much need in Europe.
Today, the Knights of Malta, known as the Sovereign Order of Knights of Malta (SMOM) holds a sovereign status, has diplomatic relations with more than a hundred countries, an observer position in the UN, issues its own passports, has its own rules..etc.